BUT WHILE Malaca-ang also considers EDCA to be an executive treaty, with the Senate having expressed by 15-1-3 votes its strong feeling that it is a treaty that therefore requires its approval in accordance with the Constitution. In accordance with the executive order, our government must ratify international agreements after they are signed. The ratification process depends on the nature of the agreement: (a) the president`s authority to enter into executive agreements (other than treaties) that do not require Senate approval has been recognized by the Court and long confirmed; The Agreement on Enhanced Defence Cooperation (EDCA), signed in April 2014 under then-President Benigno Aquino III, aims to operationalize the VFA. Military activities authorized by the Philippines are also insinuated in the context of the VFA. The executive agreement provides for an increased military turnover of U.S. troops, aircraft and ships in the Philippines and allows them greater access to military bases in the country. The Philippines and U.S. Visit agreement was signed in 1998 by the governments of the Philippines and the United States and came into force in 1999. It was the first military agreement since the closure of U.S.
bases in 1992. The VFA has outlined a set of guidelines for the behaviour and protection of U.S. troops visiting the Philippines. The agreement also provided for conditions for the U.S. military, which can pass or land on Philippine territory. The VFA is a reciprocal agreement in that it describes not only the guidelines for U.S. troops visiting the Philippines, but also for Filipino troops visiting the United States.  Meanwhile, Bagares argued that executive agreements based on the VFA “would have no leg to stand on” if the VFA were abolished. – with the Sofia Tomacruz reports and Rappler.com the agreement also provides that the United States will have operational control of the construction sites agreed through bilateral security mechanisms. It also grants the United States